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Suicide Prevention and Awareness

Facts and Stats

  • In 2011 (the latest year for which we have national statistics), there were 39,518 suicides.
  • There are 108.3 suicides per day, one every 13.3 minutes.
  • The annual suicide rate is 12.7 per 100,000.
  • Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death.
  • Males complete suicide at a rate 3.74 times that of females. (In 2011, men had a suicide rate of 20.2, and women had a rate of 5.4.)
  • However, females attempt suicide three more often than males.
  • Of those who died by suicide in 2011, 78.5%were male and 21.5% were female. • The 2011 suicide rate (12.7) is the highest US rate in 10 years, but still less than many rates in the 1980s
  • Suicides rates steadily decreased from 1980 (12.3/100,000) to 2000 (10.40 per every 100,000).
  • However since 2000 to 2011, suicide rates have been gradually rising each year – up to 12.7 per 100, 000 in 2011.
  • Suicide rates are highest among those aged 45-54 (19.8 per 100,000 in 2011).
  •  Elderly adults (aged 85+) have the second highest rates of suicide (16.9 per 100,000 in 2011.)
  • Youth (ages 15-24) suicide rates increased more than 200% from the 1950’s to the late1970’s. Between 2000 and 2010, rates have ranged only between 9.7 and 11.00 per 100,000.
  • Suicide ranks second as a cause of death among young (15-24) Americans (more suicides than homicides.)
  • The ratio of suicide attempts to suicide death in youth is estimated to be about 25:1, compared to about 4:1 in the elderly. (AFSP)
  • White Suicides account for 90.5% of the suicides in 2011.
  • Caucasians (14.5 per 100,000) have higher rates of completed suicides than Asian/Pacific Islanders (5.9 per 100,000), African Americans (5.3 per 100,000) or Hispanics (5.2 per 100,000)
  • American-Indian/Alaskan Native women aged 15-24 have the highest suicide rate compared to all racial/ethnic groups.

McIntosh, J. L., & Drapeau, C. W. (for the American Association of Suicidology). (2014). U.S.A. suicide 2011:
Official final data. Washington, DC: American Association of Suicidology, dated June 19, 2014, downloaded from
http://www.suicidology.org
http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/facts.html
http://www.apa.org/pi/oema/resources/ethnicity-health/asian-american/suicide.aspx
http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/suicide_factsheet-a.pdf  
https://www.afsp.org/understanding-suicide/facts-and-figures