Definitions

The Vehicle and Traffic Law of New York State covers the rights of the pedestrian, bicycles and other non-motorized transportation in relationship to the road. These rules are usually not observed by the driver and typically unknown to non-motorists. The following definitions are applicable to the Vehicle and Traffic Laws:

§ 102. Bicycle

Every two or three wheeled device upon which a person or persons may ride, propelled by human power through a belt, a chain or gears, with such wheels in a tandem or tricycle, except that it shall not include such a device having solid tires and intended for use only on a sidewalk by pre-teenage children.

§ 102-a. Bicycle Lane

A portion of the roadway which has been designated by striping, signing and pavement markings for the preferential or exclusive use of bicycles.

§ 102-b. Bicycle Path

A path physically separated from motorized vehicle traffic by an open space or barrier and either within the highway right-of-way or within an independent right-of-way and which is intended for the use of bicycles.

§ 110. Crosswalk

That part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway between the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, between the edges of the traversable roadway.

Any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.

§ 130. Pedestrian

Any person afoot or in a wheelchair.

§ 140-a. Inline skate

A manufactured or assembled device consisting of an upper portion that is intended to be secured to a human foot, with a frame or chassis attached along the length of the bottom of such upper portion, with such frame or chassis holding two or more wheels that are longitudinally aligned and used to skate or glide, by means of human foot and leg power while having such device attached to each such foot or leg.

§ 140-b. Roller Skate

A manufactured or assembled device consisting of a frame or shoe having clamps or straps or both for fastening, with a pair of small wheels near the toe and another pair at the heel mounted or permanently attached thereto, for skating or gliding by means of human foot and leg power.

§ 140-c. Skate Board

A manufactured or assembled device consisting of a platform having a pair of small wheels near the front and another pair at the rear mounted or permanently attached thereto, for skating or gliding by means of human foot and leg power.

§ 143-a. Shoulder

That improved portion of a highway contiguous with the roadway.

§ 144. Sidewalk

That portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines, intended for the use of pedestrians.

§ 130-a. Wheelchair

A wheelchair is any manual or electrically driven mobility assistance device, scooter, tricycle or similar device used by a person with a disability as a substitute for walking.

An electrically driven mobility assistance device means any wheeled, electrically powered device designed to enable a person with a disability to move from place to place.

Fact Sheet

Read the Pedestrian and Bicycle Laws Fact Sheet (PDF).