Rights of the Pedestrian
Article 27 Pedestrians’ Rights and Duties of the Vehicle and Traffic Law of New York State dictate the “rules of the road” as they relate to the pedestrian.
§ 1112. Pedestrian-control Signal Indications
Whenever pedestrians are controlled by pedestrian-control signals exhibiting the words "Walk" or "Don't Walk" or exhibiting symbols of a walking person or upraised hand, such signals shall indicate and apply to pedestrians as follows:
- Steady "Walk" or walking person. Pedestrians facing such signal may proceed across the roadway in the direction of the signal and shall be given the right of way by other traffic.
- Flashing "Don't Walk" or upraised hand. No pedestrian shall start to cross the roadway in the direction of such signal, but any pedestrians who have partially completed their crossing on the "Walk" or walking person signal shall proceed to a sidewalk or safety island while the flashing "Don't Walk" or upraised hand signal is showing.
- Steady "Don't Walk" or upraised hand. No pedestrians shall start to cross the roadway in the direction of such signal, but any pedestrians who have partially completed their crossing on the "Walk" or flashing "Don't Walk" signal shall proceed to a sidewalk or safety island while the steady "Don't Walk" signal is showing
§ 1150. Pedestrians Subject to Traffic Regulations
Pedestrians shall be subject to traffic-control signals as provided in section eleven hundred eleven of this title, but at all other places pedestrians shall be accorded the privileges and shall be subject to the restrictions stated in this article.
§ 1151. Pedestrians' Right of Way in Crosswalks
- When traffic-control signals are not in place or not in operation the driver of a vehicle shall yield the right of way, slowing down or stopping if need be to so yield, to a pedestrian crossing the roadway within a crosswalk on the roadway upon which the vehicle is traveling, except that any pedestrian crossing a roadway at a point where a pedestrian tunnel or overpass has been provided shall yield the right of way to all vehicles.
- No pedestrian shall suddenly leave a curb or other place of safety and walk or run into the path of a vehicle which is so close that it is impractical for the driver to yield.
- Whenever any vehicle is stopped at a marked crosswalk or at any unmarked crosswalk at an intersection to permit a pedestrian to cross the roadway, the driver of any other vehicle approaching from the rear shall not overtake and pass such stopped vehicle.
§ 1151-A. Pedestrians Right of Way on Sidewalks
The driver of a vehicle emerging from or entering an alleyway, building, private road or driveway shall yield the right of way to any pedestrian approaching on any sidewalk extending across such alleyway, building entrance, road or driveway.
§ 1152. Crossing at Other Than Crosswalks
- Every pedestrian crossing a roadway at any point other than within a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection shall yield the right of way to all vehicles upon the roadway.
- Any pedestrian crossing a roadway at a point where a pedestrian tunnel or overhead pedestrian crossing has been provided shall yield the right of way to all vehicles upon the roadway.
- No pedestrian shall cross a roadway intersection diagonally unless authorized by official traffic-control devices; and, when authorized to cross diagonally, pedestrians shall cross only in accordance with the official traffic-control devices pertaining to such crossing movements.
§ 1153. Provisions Relating to Blind or Visually Impaired Persons
- Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this article every driver of a vehicle approaching an intersection or crosswalk shall yield the right of way to a pedestrian crossing or attempting to cross the roadway when such pedestrian is accompanied by a guide dog or using a cane which is metallic or white in color or white with a red tip.
- No person, unless blind or visually impaired, shall use on any street or highway a cane which is metallic or white in color or white with a red tip.
- This section shall not be construed as making obligatory the employment of the use of a guide dog or of a cane or walking stick of any kind by a person blind or visually impaired.
§ 1156. Pedestrians on Roadways
- Where sidewalks are provided and they may be used with safety it shall be unlawful for any pedestrian to walk along and upon an adjacent roadway.
- Where sidewalks are not provided any pedestrian walking along and upon a highway shall when practicable walk only on the left side of the roadway or its shoulder facing traffic which may approach from the opposite direction. Upon the approach of any vehicle from the opposite direction, such pedestrian shall move as far to the left as is practicable.
§ 1157. Pedestrians Soliciting Rides, or Business
- No person shall stand in a roadway for the purpose of soliciting a ride, or to solicit from or sell to an occupant of any vehicle.
- No person shall stand on or in proximity to a street or highway for the purpose of soliciting the watching or guarding of any vehicle while parked or about to be parked on a street or highway.
- No person shall occupy any part of a state highway, except in a city or village, in any manner for the purpose of selling or soliciting.