Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI)

Understanding Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

Each year in the U.S., millions of people contract sexually transmitted infections. STIs can affect anyone who is sexually active, regardless of age, gender, race, or social class.

Common STIs Include:

  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Herpes (HSV)
  • Syphilis
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • Hepatitis B and C

Symptoms: Symptoms vary depending on the STI but can include sores or bumps on the genitals, discharge, itching, burning during urination, and more. Some STIs can be asymptomatic, meaning they show no symptoms.

Transmission: STIs are primarily transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex. Some STIs can also be transmitted through non-sexual means such as shared needles or from mother to child during childbirth.

Learn more about STIs

Prevention: The Three "S"s

  1. Screen: Regularly get tested for STIs, especially if you have multiple partners or a new partner. Early detection can lead to better outcomes.
  2. Safe Practices: Use barrier methods like condoms consistently and correctly. Limit the number of sexual partners and discuss STI testing with potential partners.
  3. Stay Informed: Educate yourself about different STIs, their symptoms, and modes of transmission. Knowledge is a powerful tool in prevention.

STI Treatment

Who Should Seek Treatment?: If you suspect you have an STI or have been informed by a partner that they have an STI, seek medical attention immediately.

How are they Treated?: Treatment varies depending on the STI. Many bacterial STIs can be treated with antibiotics, while viral STIs can be managed with antiviral medications.

Safety and Precautions: If diagnosed with an STI, inform your sexual partners so they can get tested and treated if necessary. Follow your healthcare provider's advice on treatment and follow-up.

More on STI Treatment