Each year in the U.S., millions of people contract sexually transmitted infections. STIs can affect anyone who is sexually active, regardless of age, gender, race, or social class.
Symptoms: Symptoms vary depending on the STI but can include sores or bumps on the genitals, discharge, itching, burning during urination, and more. Some STIs can be asymptomatic, meaning they show no symptoms.
Transmission: STIs are primarily transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex. Some STIs can also be transmitted through non-sexual means such as shared needles or from mother to child during childbirth.
Who Should Seek Treatment?: If you suspect you have an STI or have been informed by a partner that they have an STI, seek medical attention immediately.
How are they Treated?: Treatment varies depending on the STI. Many bacterial STIs can be treated with antibiotics, while viral STIs can be managed with antiviral medications.
Safety and Precautions: If diagnosed with an STI, inform your sexual partners so they can get tested and treated if necessary. Follow your healthcare provider's advice on treatment and follow-up.